Studies in Regional and Local History, Volume 5
Based on extensive primary research (the author has had special access to the John Bensusan Butt archive, the most detailed private archive on eighteenth-century Colchester), A Pleasing Prospect considers the changing historical identity of eighteenth-century Colchester from the perspective of its ‘middling sort' - a section of society which has recently attracted greater attention from historians. Dr D'Cruze painstakingly reconstructs eighteenth-century social networks along lines of family, kinship, gender, spatiality, religion and politics to examine the relationships between individual and family biographies and broader historical change and to reflect on the historical identity of the middling sort as well as on eighteenth-century provincial urban society and culture.
In the past historians have tended to concentrate their attention on faster growing (often northern) towns than those broadly perceived as having been overtaken by industrialisation. Colchester was a large southern provincial town which, despite the decline of its staple textile industry, capitalised on growth in agriculturally based industries such as brewing, milling and malting, its role as an east-coast port and the proliferation of its commerce, to underpin its participation in the ‘urban renaissance' and the commodification of polite culture.
With both lively political interests and all the institutions of local governance, Colchester added a political dimension to middling-sort identity along an axis dividing independent (male) citizens from those whom poverty rendered dependent. Another axis explored by Dr D'Cruze is that between politeness and disorder.
Dr Shani D'Cruze is Honorary Reader in History at Keele University. Her publications on gender, crime and violence include Crimes of outrage: sex, violence and Victorian working women (Routledge, 1998). She has also published articles on the social and cultural history of the family.
Publication September 2008; 256pp; hardback